Portugal forests map
Map of Portugal forests. Portugal forests map (Southern Europe - Europe) to print. Portugal forests map (Southern Europe - Europe) to download. About two-fifths of Portugal is wooded, and the majority of its forests are privately owned (among the highest proportions in Europe) as its shown in Portugal forests map. Most of the mountainous areas are well suited to forestry, and the demand for forest products has prompted considerable reforestation efforts since the last quarter of the 19th century in areas where crop yields are low and where erosion tends to be severe. The pulp and paper industry contributes significantly to the economy. Portugal is a leading producer of cork, which has become a significant export. Eucalyptus plantations cover about one-seventh of forest land, and pine is also important.
Portugal is one of the European countries with the highest biodiversity also in its forest ecosystems. There are several forest types of which the most common are the oak forests, pine forests, Eucalyptus forests (exotic), cork oak forests, sweet chestnuts stands and Laurel as its mentioned in Portugal forests map. Some of the forests are very special due to their history, the amazing landscapes, unique trees, biodiversity or for their educational and scientific value. Portugal has 3,2 million ha of forests nearly three times that of South African commercial forestry land, comprising around 35% percent of the country and making it the EU country with the 12th largest forestry area. Scrub forest represents another 30% while agriculture makes up a quarter of the land area.